Why do women live longer than men?

Everywhere in the world women live longer than men – but this was not always the case. The available data from rich countries shows that women didn’t live longer than men in the 19th century. What makes women live more than men do today and why has this advantage increased in the past? There is only limited evidence and the evidence isn’t sufficient to draw an absolute conclusion. We know there are biological, psychological as well as environmental factors that all play a role in women’s longevity more than men, we do not know what percentage each factor plays in.

We have learned that women live longer than men, كيفية إقامة علاقة بالصور [https://listeduweb.com] regardless of weight. But it is not due to the fact that certain non-biological factors have changed. These variables are evolving. Some are well known and relatively straightforward, like the fact that men smoke more often. There are other issues that are more intricate. For example, there is evidence that in rich countries the female advantage increased in part because infectious diseases used to affect women disproportionately a century ago, so advances in medicine that reduced the long-term health burden from infectious diseases, especially for survivors, ended up raising women’s longevity disproportionately.

Everywhere in the world women tend to live longer than men

The first chart below shows life expectancy at birth for men and women. It is clear that all countries are over the diagonal line of parity. This means that a newborn girl in all countries can anticipate to live longer than her younger brother.

This chart is interesting in that it shows that the advantage of women exists in all countries, difference between countries is huge. In Russia women have a longer life span than men. In Bhutan the gap is just half a year.



In wealthy countries, the advantage of women in longevity was not as great.

We will now examine the way that female advantages in terms of longevity has changed over time. The chart below illustrates the male and female life expectancy at the birth in the US in the years 1790 to 2014. Two specific points stand out.

There is an upward trend. Men and women in America have longer lives than they did a century ago. This is in line with historical increases in life expectancy everywhere in the world.

The second is that there is an increase in the gap between men and women: female advantage in terms of life expectancy used be very modest however, it has increased significantly over the last century.

When you click on the option “Change country in the chart, check that these two points are also applicable to the other countries having available information: Sweden, France and the UK.

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